Table 2

The forward force (in N) on a fully grown calf, as a function of lateral distance from the mother

ε

η/L1

Ordinate

Force = Ordinate*10.16

Percentage of the maximal force possible for ε = 0


0

0.167

2.93

29.8

100%

10

0.22

2.09

21.2

71%

20

0.27

1.58

16.0

54%

30

0.32

1.20

12.2

41%


The value of ε gives the distance beyond the minimum separation, in cm.

Weihs Journal of Biology 2004 3:8   doi:10.1186/jbiol2

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